In 2012, transport was the largest energy consuming sector in 40 percent of countries worldwide, and in the remaining countries it was the second-largest energy consuming sector.
Energy related CO₂ emissions are expected to grow by 40 percent between 2013 and 2040.
The sector already contributes 23 percent of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions and 18 percent of all man-made emissions in the global economy.
Air pollution—both ambient (outdoor) and household (indoor)—is the biggest environmental risk to health.
Ambient air pollution alone kills about three million people each year.
Evidence from a few countries suggests that traffic noise has the second biggest environmental impact on health after air pollution.
Objective and Target
The green mobility policy goal captures the ambition of transport to “reduce the environmental impact of mobility in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, air pollution, and noise.”
The Green Mobility objective proposes three sub-goals for each of the three key dimensions— climate change mitigation, air pollution, and noise pollution.
- Sub-goal 1: Climate Change Mitigation:
“Reduce GHG emissions from the whole transport sector as consistent with the worldwide objective of limiting global average temperature increase to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and aiming for 1.5 degrees by the end of the century.”
- Sub-goal 2: Air Pollution: “Substantially reduce premature deaths and illnesses from air pollution”.
- Sub-goal 3: Noise Pollution: “Substantially reduce global human mortality and burden of disease from transport-related noise levels.”
SDG 3.4 By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.
SDG 3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water, and soil pollution and contamination.
SDG 7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
SDG 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.
SDG 11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.
SDG 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries.
SDG 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies, and planning.
Relationship to SDG’s
Green Mobility is reflected indirectly in seven SDG targets (3.4, 3.9, 7.3, 9.4, 11.6, 13.1, and 13.2), and in the Paris Agreement under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its related Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).